5.8 there be 的不定式与动名词形式
5.8.1 there be的动名词形式
there be的动名词形式为there being，依然表示“有”的意思，多用于介词后面。
1 He spoke of there being danger.
妙语点睛 因为有介词of，所以该用动名词形式，即there being。
He spoke of being danger. *
这主要是句子意思表达的需要，因为这里要表示“有危险”的意思，而不是“是危险”。所以要用there be而不是be。再者，因为要用在介词of后面，所以要用动名词there being。
2 No one would have dreamed of there being such a good place.
妙语点睛 这里表示“有”且有介词of，故要用there be的动名词结构，即there being。
3 Do not bet on there being many marriages in China that began with love at first sight. Most Chinese marry for practical--not romantic--reasons. That is the conclusion of a four-year study sponsored by the Ford Foundation of New York City.
妙语点睛 这里表示“有”且有介词on，故要用there be的动名词结构，即there being。
5.8.2 here be的不定式形式
there be的不定式形式为there to be，用在接不定式作宾语的动词后面或介词for后面。请看例句：
1 I don't mean there to be any unpleasantness.
妙语点睛 在mean的后面要接不定式，表示“打算”，所以用there to be。
2 I don't want there to be any misunderstanding on this point.
妙语点睛 在want的后面要接不定式，所以用there to be。
3 The students expected there to be more reviewing classes before the final exam.
妙语点睛 在expect的后面要接不定式，所以用there to be。
我们再来看用在介词for后面的含有there to be的例句：
4 For there to be life, there must be air and water.
=In order that there may be life, there must be air and water.
妙语点睛 这里的不定式表示目的，相当于一个目的状语从句in order that there may be life。
5 For there to be successful communication, there must be attentiveness and involvement in the discussion itself by all present.
=In order that there may be successful communication, there must be attentiveness and involvement in the discussion itself by all present.
妙语点睛 这里的不定式表示目的，相当于一个目的状语从句In order that there may be successful communication...。
6 It was too late for there to be any buses.
7 It isn't cold enough for there to be a frost tonight; so I can leave Jim's car out quite safely.
本节主要是讨论了there be（表示“有”）的非谓语形式的用法。读者需要掌握何时该用there being和there to be这两种形式，这在各类考试中经常出现。
1. It is impossible a happier family.
A. of there to be
B. there is
C. for there to be
D. there will be
2. John was relying on there another opportunity.
C. had been
3. People expect there more discussions on this topic.
A. are to
B. is to
C. to be
4. She was wrong about there some misunderstanding between us.
5. No one had told Mr. Smith about a lecture the following day. (2000年12 CET-4)
A. there be
B. there would be
C. there was
D. there being
6. Ann never dreams of for her to be sent abroad very soon. (98. 6 CET-4)
A. there being a chance
B. there be a chance
C. there to be a chance
D. being a chance
7. The students expected there more reviewing classes before the final exam.
C. have been
D. to be
8. For there successful communication, there must be attentiveness and involvement in the discussion itself by all present.
B. to be
C. will be
9. It isn't cold enough for there a frost tonight; so I can leave Jim's car out quite safely.
A. would be
D. to be
1. People appreciate with him because he has a good sense of humor.
A. to work
B. to have worked
D. having worked
2. Although a teenager, Fred could resist what to do and what not to do.
A. to be told
B. having been told
C. being told
D. to have been told
3. "Is George really leaving the university?" "Yes, but would you mind to anyone?"
A. not mentioning
B. not mention it
C. not to mention it
D. not mentioning it
4. I can't understand a decision until it is too late.
A. him to postpone to make
B. his postpone making
C. his postponing to make
D. his postponing making
5. We were greatly encouraged by the news of China another man-made satellite.
A. to have launched
B. to launch
D. having launched
6. At six o'clock in the evening, when a cat ran through a truck it narrowly escaped over.
B. to be run
C. from running
D. being run
7. Building that railway was very difficult and involved ten tunnels.
C. to have dug
D. having dug
8. I strongly object like a child.
A. to be treated
B. to being treated
C. of being treated
D. of treating
9. That young man still denies the fire behind the store.
A. to start
B. having started
D. to have started
10. The school authority doesn't permit on campus.
B. to demonstrate
C. to hold a demonstration
11. There's a man at the reception desk who seems very angry and I think he means trouble.
B. to make
C. to have made
D. having made
12. Do you remember to Professor Smith during your last visit?
A. to be introduced
B. having introduced
C. being introduced
D. to have introduced
13. I'm sure your proposal will the problem.
A. contribute to solving
B. be contribute to solve
C. contribute to solve
D. be contributed to solving
14. Ann prefers taking an examination.
A. writing a term paper than
B. writing a term paper to
C. to write a term paper and
D. to write a term paper than
15. The teacher said that he wouldn't tolerate late every day.
A. for me to arrive
B. me arrived
C. me to arrive
D. my arriving
16. Many of the things we do involve some risk in order to achieve a satisfactory result.
B. take care
C. to take
D. being taking
17. I don't think you will have any difficulty a driving license.
A. for getting
B. to get
C. having got
18. The thief caught on the spot by the policeman denied anything.
A. to do
B. to have done
19. I will overlook so rude to my sister this time but don't let it happen again.
A. you to be
B. your being
C. you to have been
D. you having been
20. Although punctual himself, the professor was quite used late for his lecture.
A. to have students
B. for students' being
C. for students to be
D. to students' being
21. Technology will play a key role in future life-styles.
A. to shape
C. shape of
22. In some countries people favor together even though there is much more space.
A. to stay
D. of staying
23. can help but be fascinated by the world into which he is taken by the science fiction.
24. When Jane fell off the bike, the other children .
A. were not able to help laughter
B. could not help but laughing
C. could not help laughing
D. could not help to laugh
25. Ted has told me that he always escapes as he has got a very fast sports car.
A. to fine
B. to be fined
C. being fined
D. having been fined
26. Shortly after his retirement, the former president gardening and hunting.
A. took to
B. took on
C. took in
D. took after
27. Since British Railways introduced its new inter-city expresses, many businessmen have taken by train.
A. in traveling
B. to travel
C. to traveling
D. on travel
28. Perfectly matched pearls, strung into a necklace, a far higher price than the same pearls sold individually.
A. in order to bring
C. their bringing
29. The traditional approach with complex problems is to break them down into smaller, more easily managed problems.
A. to dealing
B. in dealing
D. to deal
30. The supervisor said the school board was considering not the students' proposal for the strict administration.
A. to accept
31. Nearly every country in the world either claims to be democratic or to be on the way democratic.
A. to becoming
B. to become
C. of becoming
D. in becoming
32. The government is believed to be considering a law making it crime to import any weapon.
A. to pass
B. to have passed
D. having passed
33. The items exhibited are well worth , and attracted large crowds of visitors in the past few days.
B. to be seen
D. to see
34. First designated in 1970, Earth Day has become an annual international event concerns about environmental issues such as pollution.
A. dedicated to raising
B. dedicates to raising
C. dedicated to raise
D. dedicates to raise
35. Children objecting to their parents remarrying a prevalent social problem.
A. has become
B. have become
C. had become
D. are becoming
36. --Is Henry sick?
--Yes. all night in the rain caused him to catch a bad cold.
A. He worked
B. To have worked
C. Him working
D. His working
37. theories approximate the truth is the day-to-day business of science.
A. Determining how closely
B. How closely to determine
C. How one determines close
D. One is close to determining
38. Mr. Smith regretted to blame (A) his secretary for (B) the mistake, for (C) he later discovered (D) it was his own fault.
39. The boy is constantly being told (A) not to scratch the paint off (B) the wall, but he goes on to do (C) it all the same (D).
40. When I consider how talented he is (A) as a painter (B), I cannot help but believing (C) that the public (D) will appreciate his gift.
41. Alice was having (A) trouble to control (B) the children because there were (C) so many (D) of them.
42. Some bosses dislike to allow (A) people to share (B) their responsibilities; they keep all (C) important matters tightly (D) in their own hands.
43. Neither rain nor snow keeps (A) the postman from delivering our letters which (B) we so much (C) look forward to receive (D).
44. Elected (A) to serve in the United States of Representatives in 1968, Shirley Chisholm was known (B) for advocacy (C) the interests of the urban (D) poor.
45. The Moon's gravitational (A) field cannot (B) keep atmospheric gases from escape (C) into space (D).
46. Using (A) carbon-dating techniques, archaeologists can determine the age of many ancient objects (B) by measurement (C) the amount of radioactive carbon they contain (D).
47. Jane is only 17 and she has just got her pilot's license. She is the country's youngest girl pilot. "How do you feel, Jane?" I asked her after her test. "Wonderful!" Jane cried. "I enjoy (fly) more than anything in the world. I can't imagine (let) a week pass without (spend) some of my time in the air." "What started (you/fly)?" I asked. "I just love (travel) in planes. I started (learn) to fly when I was very young." "Would you consider (fly) as a career?" "I might, but I've got to pass my school exams now. There are some things you can't avoid (do)!" "Excuse ) (I/ask)," I said, "but does everyone in your family approve of (you/fly)?" "Of course!," Jane exclaimed. "I can't imagine (anyone/disapprove)." "What's your greatest ambition now?" "I want to learn to drive a car!" Jane said with a big smile.